Born in Neuilly-sur-Seine on October 29, 1930, Niki De St. Phalle was a French sculptor, painter, and filmmaker, whose fame to glory was “the Nana-Hon-En Katedral.” Impressed by her good friend Clarice Rivers’ being pregnant, Niki created “Nana,” an expression of ‘everywoman.’ By “Nana,” the artist tried representing and establishing the place of girls in the society. Nana is a life measurement doll fabricated from polyester and papier-mache, braced with a wire construction, signifying feminine exuberance, energy, confidence, and optimism.
Niki’s first “Nana” was exhibited at the Galerie Iolas, Paris, in 1965. The creation obtained harsh criticism from artwork circle. “Nana” was described as a wild dancing determine with “aggressive,” “satirical,” and “feminist” options. Decided Phalle ignored the critics and went forward with creating one other “Nana” in collaboration with artist Jean Tinguely and Per Olof Ultvedt, in 1966. The consequence was her most well-known work, an eighty-two foot giant sculpture, “Hon-En Katedral (She-A Cathedral).” The construction was put in at the Moderna Museet, Stockholm, Sweden. The conspicuous characteristic of the “Hon-En Katedral – Nana” in its reclining place with thighs unfold open, is its entrance by way of ‘her’ vagina that lets the guests stroll by way of. The set up acquired a lot consideration and extreme criticism. A couple of critics had been of the opinion that “Hon-En Katedral” was the “largest whore in the world.”
Throughout the development of the “Hon-En Katedral,” Niki met Swiss artist Rico Weber, who grew to become an essential assistant and a collaborator for each, de Saint Phalle and Jean Tinguely. The three continued working as a group and went on to creating many extra “Nanas,” equivalent to “Stravinsky Fountain (1982),” “La fountaine Château-Chinon,” “Queen Califia’s Magic Circle (Sculpture Backyard),” and “Solar God (1983).”
Niki as soon as mentioned, “My first exhibition with Nanas was known as Nana Energy. For me, they had been the image of a cheerful, liberated lady. As we speak, after practically twenty years, I see them in another way. I see them as heralds of a brand new matriarchal period, which I consider is the solely reply.”
The “Nanas” gathered an unique and distinct credibility, id, & standing to Niki De St. Phalle in the ‘Modern Artwork.’ It’s well- identified that solely a handful of artists equivalent to Niki have the braveness & the capacity to repeatedly create beautiful works, regardless of harsh response from public. “Nanas” right now do evoke inevitable attraction and captivate the consideration of onlookers.
Niki handed away on Might 22, 2002, at the age of 71, due to emphysema, triggered as a consequence of the years of inhaling poisonous polyester fumes.