Learn Japanese Quick! Nothing’s worse than being late to an essential assembly or occasion. That is why it is essential so that you can perceive how you can speak about durations of time in Japanese. Whether or not it’s essential to speak about minutes or hours, or ask somebody how lengthy it will be till an occasion begins, you may discover it right here. This Beginner Japanese article is designed to show you about durations of time. You will discover a counter for minutes and hours, and you may uncover how you can inform folks how lengthy it takes to get from one place to a different. With useful charts and loads of instance sentences, this Japanese article is precisely what you want.
Vocabulary: On this article, you may be taught the next phrases and phrases:
yakkyoku – “pharmacy, drugstore”
kusuri – “drugs”
dono kurai – “how lengthy, how a lot”
kakarimasu – “to price, to take” (masu kind)
o-kane – “cash”
jikan – “time”
kurai/gurai – “roughly, about”
koko – “right here, this place”
manga kissa – “comedian cafe”
Grammar: On this article, you may be taught the next phrases and phrases:
Helpful Vocabulary and Phrases at a Hospital
kakarimasu – “to take, to price”
Kakarimasu is the –masu type of the verb kakaru. Kakaru conveys the which means that one thing takes time/cash.
Quantity of Cash or Period of Time / kakarimasu / “English”
Sen-en / kakarimasu. / “It prices one thousand yen.”
Ichi-jikan / kakarimasu. / “It takes an hour.”
Dono kurai or Dono gurai / kakarimasu ka. / “English”
Dono kurai / kakarimasu ka. / “How lengthy does it take?” or “How a lot does it price?”
*Since we will use kakarimasu with each money and time, there’s a good risk there will probably be confusion when you do not specify the topic.
kurai / gurai – “about”
Kurai or gurai expresses approximation. Please discover that the phrase order is totally different from English.
“About 1000 yen”
Appropriate: sen-en kurai
Incorrect: kurai sen-en
dono kurai – “how lengthy, how a lot”
We will use dono kurai, dono gurai, dore kurai and dore gurai interchangeably.
“How lengthy does it take?” / “How a lot does it price?”
- Dono kurai kakarimasu ka.
- Dono gurai kakarimasu ka.
- Dore kurai kakarimasu ka.
- Dore gurai kakarimasu ka.
On this article, you’ll be taught to speak about durations of time.
Hours and Minutes
Counter for hours: –jikan
Counter for minutes: –enjoyable kan or –enjoyable
“English” / Japanese
1 hour / ichi-jikan
2 hours / ni-jikan
3 hours / san-jikan
4 hours / yo-jikan
5 hours / go-jikan
6 hours / roku-jikan
7 hours / nana-jikan or shichi-jikan
8 hours / hachi-jikan
9 hours / ku-jikan
10 hours / juu-jikan
“What number of hours?” / nan-jikan
Minutes“English” / Japanese
1 minute / ippun ( kan)
2 minutes / ni-enjoyable ( kan)
3 minutes / san-pun ( kan)
4 minutes / yon-enjoyable(kan) or yon-pun (kan)
5 minutes / go-enjoyable ( kan)
6 minutes / roppun ( kan)
7 minutes / nana-enjoyable ( kan)
8 minutes / happun ( kan)
9 minutes / kyuu-enjoyable ( kan)
10 minutes / juppun ( kan)
“What number of minutes?” / nan-pun ( kan)
*For “half an hour,”it is sanjuppun (kan), however NOT hankan.
*For an “hour and a half,” it is ichi-jikan han, however NOT ichi-jikan hankan or ichiji-hankan.
- Uchi kara daigaku made juppun kakarimasu. “It takes ten minutes to get to the college from my residence.”
- Rondon kara Pari made ni-jikan juugo enjoyable kakarimasu. “It takes two hours and fifteen minutes to go from London to Paris.”
- ni-ji gojuppun = 2:50
- ni-jikan gojuppun = two hours and 50 minutes
- go-ji han = half previous 5
- go-jikan han = 5 hours and a half
Please reply the next questions in Japanese.
- How lengthy does it take to get to the closest practice station? ____ kakarimasu.
- How lengthy does it take to get to the closest airport? _____ kakarimasu.
- How lengthy does it take to get to the closest division retailer? ______ kakarimasu.
- How lengthy does it take to come back to Tokyo? ________ kakarimasu.